Category: Infectious Diseases

Advancing control of sexually transmitted infections during the era of the Sustainable Development Goals

The far-reaching, highly ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) build upon the momentum generated by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and are intended as a guide for health, social and economic initiatives until 2030. Implemented correctly, the STI agenda may well fit better within the SDGs than the MDGs, although that does not become directly clear at first glance. For refocusing attention on the control of STIs in the forthcoming years we propose a framework, most especially within low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Continue reading

Filed under: Infectious DiseasesTagged with: , , ,

Rapid diagnostic test and shorter, cheaper treatment signal new hope for MDR-TB patients

“This is a critical step forward in tackling the MDR-TB public health crisis,” said Dr Mario Raviglione, Director of WHO’s Global TB Programme. “The new WHO recommendations offer hope to hundreds of thousands of MDR-TB patients who can now benefit from a test that quickly identifies eligibility for the shorter regimen, and then complete treatment in half the time and at nearly half the cost.”

Continue reading

Filed under: Infectious DiseasesTagged with: , , ,

First Human Trial For Malaria Vaccine Takes Place

A vaccine to prevent infection and disease caused by P. vivax is critical to reduce sickness and mortality from vivax malaria, a common cause of malaria among deployed service members. P. vivax malaria is challenging to control because it can be dormant, causing no symptoms, and then become active causing symptomatic malaria weeks to months after initial infection.

Continue reading

Filed under: Infectious DiseasesTagged with: ,

Schistosomiasis and HIV Acquisition

A comprehensive review of secondary data sources has confirmed a long-suspected link between female genital schistosomiasis (FGS) and HIV infection for women in southern Africa. Researchers confirmed the link in Mozambique, finding that exposure to schistosomiasis, combined with HIV prevalence, increases the odds of HIV infection by three times. Researchers also conclude that treating young girls for schistosomiasis could avert millions of new cases of HIV infection at far less cost than treating HIV infection once it has occurred.

Continue reading

Filed under: HIV, Infectious DiseasesTagged with: ,